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Social

number of people driving vehiclesnumber of people not driving vehiclesnumber of people interested of having autonomous vehiclesnumber of people interested of not having autonomous vehicles105132
To have a better understanding of public’s views according to autonomous vehicles, I interviewed 15 people to understand their view on autonomous vehicles. Half of people I interviewed drive a vehicle, mostly because their houses were far and it made it convenient to drive a vehicle. Another half of people did not drive, not because they did not want to, but the reasons were “lack of money to own a car”, or “do not have a valid driving licence yet”. Only two people out of 15 was not interested for owning an autonomous vehicle, one thought that the technology was not mature enough and it would not be safe, and another person thought driving by himself was more enjoyable. Most of the people would like to have an autonomous vehicle, because the driver could do other stuff if the car could…

Law

Nowadays, there has been significant argument when it comes to the accidents happening on autonomous vehicles. The laws to divide the responsibilities of the accident is not mature enough, and according to a 2013 article in the San Diego Union-Tribune, “Autonomous vehicles will shift the responsibility for avoiding accidents from the driver to the vehicle manufacturer.” Since the federal law of dividing responsibilities have not been mature yet, if the liability issues are not solved, it could delay or even wipe out the vision of driverless cars gaining widespread consumer use. Therefore, in the long term, federal attention to safety standards for autonomous vehicles will be needed, and those standards will have liability implications. One of the most important liability issue I recognize is the failure to warn, and this issue mainly lies in the manufacturer process. Manufacturers that fail to provide adequate information regarding the risks of using a product can be liable for fail…

Personality

The report provided by ITP Metrics correctly reflected my personalities. I scored moderately high for the extraversion part, with relatively high scores in cheerfulness and friendliness. However, l received moderate low scores for excitement-seeking. To improve this, I will take more exciting work instead of the conceptual work, and to seek for adventures in the future. I had a fairly low score for the emotionality part, with low levels of anxiety, frustration and melancholic. I had moderately low scores for immoderation, self-consciousness and vulnerability. It is good that I am unlikely to become worried about completing my tasks, and I do not easily lose your temper facing the team conflict. In terms of immoderation, although I am ready to join in spontaneous team discussion to help generate ideas, I plan to be more active for joining in on tangent conversations that can lead to innovation. The report reflects that I have a high level of conscientiousness. I had high scores in ach…

Ethical

Alice buys an autonomous vehicle from Bob, who sells them. The autonomous vehicle has different settings, some more aggressive (where the autonomous vehicle drives faster and brakes harder), and some less. Alice sets the autonomous vehicle to its most aggressive setting. One night on a dark and wet road, Alice hits a pedestrian, Carlos, who was jaywalking. Carlos is badly hurt. Bob: the person that sales the car Alice: car owner, set the car to its most aggressive setting Carlos: jaywalked on the road, badly hurt by Alice’s car
When an autonomous vehicle crashes or has an accident of some sort – who is responsible, and to what degree? Because the legal framework for autonomous vehicles does not yet exist, designers can only write programs to ensure the ethical conduct of autonomous vehicles. However, all the ethical issues could not be prevented by writing the code, as programs are simply instructions, and vehicles cannot think as humans do. Based on the case above, there are some sc…

Technology in autonomous vehicles

Dash cameras https://www.lifewire.com/how-does-dashboard-camera-work-534886
A dash camera consists of the following components: a video camera, hard-wired power inputs, and built-in or removable solid state storage media. A dashboard camera is typically wired into a circuit that is only hot when the ignition key is in the start or run position, and most dash cameras will automatically start when your car starts and record video onto removable storage. Dash cameras are used in automated cars to record the image while the vehicle is traveling.
Lidar https://cosmosmagazine.com/technology/how-self-driving-cars-can-see-where-they-re-going http://www.azosensors.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=688
Standing for “Light Detection and Ranging”, Lidar is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating that target with a pulsed laser light, and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3D-represent…

Introduction- the world of autonomous vehicles

An autonomous car is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. It uses a variety of techniques to detect their surroundings, such as radar and GPS. SAE International has a formal classification system for autonomous vehicles, which is based on the amount of driver intervention and attentiveness required. The levels are ranging from level 0 to level 5.


For level 0-2, the vehicle still needs driver’s attention to operate. Level 0 means that the vehicle is not automated, and level 1 means that the driver and automated system shares control over the vehicle. For level 2, the automated system takes full control of the vehicle, but the driver must monitor the driving and be prepared to take actions once the system fails. For level 3-5, the vehicle can operate by itself. For level 3, the driver can safely turn their attention away from the driving tasks, and the vehicle will handle emergency situations. Level 4 requires no driver’s attention for …